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What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is one of the primary causes of heel pain and affects men and women of all ages. Individuals who change their exercise regimen (for instance, by joining a “get fit” program) may be particularly at risk for this condition.

Treatment options for bunions may include rest, avoiding walking barefoot, using cold and hot therapies, stretching, massage, and arch supports; additionally, surgery may also be an option if at-home treatments don’t help.


Plantar fasciitis is a painful condition affecting the bottom of your heel. It’s caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia – a fibrous ligament connecting calf muscles to feet and toes. It’s typically worse first thing in the morning or following prolonged restful activities like sitting or standing for extended periods, like sitting for hours on end or when sitting still, but symptoms can worsen with activity like running or walking.

Plantar fasciitis’ exact cause remains unknown, but it’s thought to result from an increase in stress or load on the plantar fascia, possibly brought on by tight calf muscles, flat feet, or wearing shoes without enough arch support – or from sudden changes in physical activity levels and types.

Doctors can accurately diagnose plantar fasciitis by asking you about your symptoms and conducting a physical exam, where they’ll look out for tenderness in your heel and the exact location of pain. They will also inquire as to your activities and frequency of participation in them.

Heel pain is an increasingly prevalent issue that impacts people from all backgrounds and lifestyles. Though challenging to cope with, there are things you can do to ease its symptoms – the key being rest and wearing supportive footwear both inside and outside your home. Furthermore, it would help if you tried not engaging in exercises that put too much strain on the heels, such as climbing stairs or toe walking.

If you are suffering from plantar fasciitis, you must visit a GP or podiatrist as soon as possible for advice and treatment options. They may refer you for an x-ray or ultrasound scan as quickly as possible; additionally, most cases of plantar fasciitis tend to improve with treatment – resting your foot, using supportive footwear, and doing simple exercises can all speed up this process and speed healing times up.


Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes heel pain. It happens when the long fibrous band connecting your heel to the ball of your foot and your toes become inflamed, leading to sharp pain in the bottom of your heel that makes walking, standing up, or taking steps difficult. Millions of people each year suffer from this condition which most commonly develops from repetitive activities that put too much strain on the foot arch, such as running, jogging, walking, or standing still for too long – it can even come from wearing improper footwear or being overweight! The exact causes remain elusive as no clear understanding exists, but overuse could also contribute, as could wearing inappropriate footwear or being overweight!

Begin your treatment when you climb out of bed in the morning or after sitting or driving for too long, when starting to walk or stand from rest, or take off shoes to walk again after taking them off and placing them back on. Injuries such as these are difficult to treat. They can take months before being resolved entirely, leading to lost work time, restricting daily activities, and potentially slowing quality of life.

The plantar fascia runs from the medial tubercle of the calcaneus (heel bone) to the fifth metatarsal base. Then, it extends across the bottom of the foot before inserting itself into the proximal phalanges of the toes, supporting the longitudinal arch and windlass effect during late stance phase gait.

Overuse plantar fascia injuries can result in micro-tears, inflammation, and pain. Furthermore, overuse injuries may also result in calcium deposits forming when your plantar fascia pulls on your heel bone; these calcium deposits form heel spurs, which cause pain when standing or walking, restrict normal foot function, and increase the risk of injury.

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Plantar fasciitis can be debilitating, yet it’s often treatable with simple home and medical remedies. The first step should be choosing shoes with extra cushioning and arch support to your feet; you should avoid walking barefoot, wearing flat shoes or worn-out athletic shoes; stretching foot and calf muscles daily is also beneficial; using cloth-covered ice packs or rolling frozen bottles of water under your foot as an ice massage could reduce inflammation and pain significantly.

Over-the-counter medicines like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and painkillers may temporarily relieve plantar fasciitis pain. However, these remedies only mask its symptoms; you should always consult a healthcare provider before taking any over-the-counter drugs.

Doctors can diagnose plantar fasciitis by conducting a physical exam of your foot and heel to detect tenderness in specific pain locations, tight calf muscles, flat feet, and biomechanical issues that might contribute to poor foot function.

In some instances, doctors may recommend conservative measures such as rest, icing, and shoe changes as treatments for plantar fasciitis. Shoe insoles, arch supports, heel cups, or insoles available over the counter may provide cushioned support on your feet that relieves pressure off the plantar fascia ligament and some stress. These inserts may be purchased at local drugstores for $20 or less.

If over-the-counter treatments fail to ease your plantar fasciitis, your doctor may suggest injections of corticosteroids. This will decrease inflammation and aid the ligament’s healing faster. Your physician can administer these injections at their office.

Other treatments for plantar fasciitis may include massaging and stretching your foot and calf muscles, using a heel cup or cushion, and taking regular ice baths. Medication may also help ease discomfort, although long-term use could weaken ligaments.


Pain associated with plantar fasciitis typically arises at the heel, where its fascia connects with your heel bone. It’s commonly felt upon first taking steps out of bed or after long periods of inactivity. Furthermore, shoes lacking adequate arch support often exacerbate symptoms and increase pain levels even further. With time, however, your pain may decrease gradually with use; if left untreated, it could become chronic and limit walking and other activities you love doing.

Doctors typically diagnose plantar fasciitis by performing a physical exam of the foot and ankle, inspecting for tenderness in the heel area and its location of discomfort. They will also consider the medical history and the level of activity of their patient before using imaging modalities such as radiographs or diagnostic ultrasounds as appropriate.

Patients seeking treatment for heel pain often hear they have a “heel spur.” However, this diagnosis should not be seen as the source of their suffering; heel spurs are bony formations formed in response to plantar fascia stress and inflammation. Many people have heel spurs but do not experience pain from them.

Plantar fasciitis treatment options vary and include stretching exercises, icing the affected foot, and using heel pads or supportive shoes with heel cushions; additionally, NSAIDs (like aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen) may help ease inflammation and pain.

Physical therapists can guide patients in performing stretches and exercises designed to stretch the plantar fascia and Achilles tendon. Furthermore, strengthening lower leg muscles through these exercises may help stabilize ankles while relieving pressure off heel fascias.

Over time, most people with plantar fasciitis recover independently; however, if symptoms do not subside after several weeks, it’s essential to speak to a healthcare provider as soon as possible. They can recommend at-home treatments or refer you to specialists and may even suggest surgery if necessary.