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EPC Full Form, FEED, and Turnkey

An EPC is an Engineering, procurement, and construction contract. This contract is used in the construction industry to develop and build various types of infrastructure. EPC, FEED, and Turnkey are sometimes used to describe the process. Understanding these terms will help you to make informed decisions for your project.

Engineering, procurement, and construction

The most famous construction contracts are engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC). These contracts include all phases of the construction process, from design to the final payment to the Contractor. The details of each phase are discussed in depth between the client and the Contractor. They also specify the deadlines for completion of each stage and the amount payable to the Contractor. The client and Contractor should work together to come up with a schedule that is reasonable and affordable.

EPC contracts can be structured in many ways. EPC contracts are agreements between the company and the Contractor for the engineering, construction, and project management services necessary for a project. These contracts include a detailed scope of work, milestones, and phases and are often used for large infrastructure projects.

Turnkey contracting

The EPC complete form for turnkey contracting is a a construction contract where the Contractor provides works to an employer ready to use by a specified date. The term is sometimes called package contract, design-build, or cle en mains contract. This contract specifies all the general obligations of the Contractor and the purchaser.

EPC contractors can take on all the design and construction processes and the mechanical and civil work for a building. This process is often used for large projects. A turnkey project management firm will begin the process by surveying the plot, outsourcing, and planning the project. The firm will then complete the project and deliver the final product. Unlike traditional construction projects, which require multiple parties and several different contractors, EPC contractors can complete a project in one streamlined process.

Fixed-price contracting

Fixed-price contracting is a contract in which both parties agree to a single price for a project. The price is predetermined, and the Contractor can only increase the price by completing new work. A fixed-price contract is best suited for projects that require a prolonged duration.

Fixed-price contracts have many advantages and can make the negotiation process more accessible. They are typically simpler and include predictable costs and deliverables. As a result, government contractors often use them. In addition, they often put the risk on the vendor. If a seller does not deliver on time or does not meet the agreed-upon price, they face financial liability. The buyer and seller should clearly define fixed-price contracts so that both parties know exactly what is expected.

Fixed-price contracts are also easier to draft. The contract should specify the scope of the work. This will help the Contractor develop a budget based on the budget available. It also ensures that the parties do not get in their heads with bills or increased prices.

FEED analysis

FEED analysis is an integral part of the EPC process. This analysis will help determine the viability of a proposed project, including the costs and timeframes associated with the project. It also assists with the preparation of design budgets. The FEED process can also help assess the risks associated with a project.

FEED analysis is generally completed in one year for large projects. Therefore, working closely with the client during this process is essential. Clients are often stationed at the Contractor’s office during this phase to ensure proper communication. FEED analysis ensures that the design is feasible, practical, and cost-effective.

The process of FEED analysis also includes material specifications and their compatibility. Because some materials are incompatible, the engineering team needs to decide which materials are suitable for the project. During the FEED analysis, it is also essential to consider the possible cost of materials.


An EPC complete form contract is a binding contract between the owner of a project and the EPC contractor. The EPC contract documents performance standards and binds both parties to meet them. The EPC contractor hires a team of engineers, consultants, and subcontractors to complete the project. Most Project Finance Lenders prefer EPC contracts, which include fixed prices and completion dates. Moreover, an EPC contract allows the Contractor to assume full responsibility for the project, from design through construction. Because of the contract’s fixed price and timeline, the owner is freed from the risks involved in the design and construction stages.

EPC contracts reduce construction costs by allowing contractors to manage subcontractors. The EPC contractor will also fully control the project, enabling them to provide a specialized service and reduce overall costs. EPC contracts also come with a fixed price and have a limited scope for revisions.