Power corporations urge UK to detoxify fuel exports to EU
Power corporations have urged the UK to take “pressing” motion over the quantity of “poisonous” and “hazardous” contaminants within the fuel it’s processing for export to the EU.
They warned the issue might drive crucial subsea pipelines to be shut down this winter as mainland Europe struggles to interchange the fuel it normally buys from Russia.
The UK has turn into a significant fuel bridge to the EU since Russia invaded Ukraine in February, leaving the bloc scrambling to safe different provides.
EU international locations are urgently attempting to refill their fuel storage services amid fears that Russia might lower off provides fully.
To assist these efforts, the UK has been processing massive volumes of liquefied pure fuel arriving at its ports from international locations together with the US and Qatar. That is then moved by Britain’s power system earlier than it’s exported through subsea pipelines from Bacton in Norfolk to Belgium and the Netherlands.
However a number of power corporations warned that in current months fuel delivered to UK terminals has persistently been “contaminated” with excessive ranges of supplies which are usually “radioactive” and might burn once they come into contact with the air.
Eradicating the supplies has resulted in disruption that has value fuel merchants an estimated £270mn up to now this 12 months and will drive upkeep shutdowns if the scenario deteriorates, mentioned the companies.
These corporations embrace a gaggle majority owned by Belgian infrastructure big Fluxys, Gazprom’s former buying and selling arm of which the German authorities took control this year and rebranded Securing Power for Europe, and French utility EDF. They’ve referred to as on Nationwide Grid, which oversees Britain’s fuel system, to take “pressing” motion to deal with the issue.
Britain has been maximising exports to the EU this summer season as a result of in winter it depends on fuel flowing again from mainland Europe, which has superior storage services, to fulfill demand at peak occasions.
Nationwide Grid has additionally argued that if EU storage services usually are not stuffed sufficient this summer season, stress to proceed sending fuel from Britain will probably be “elevated and sustained” in the course of the winter. This might have an effect on the UK’s safety of provide.
Nationwide Grid is searching for approval from UK power regulator Ofgem to briefly enhance the utmost potential quantity of fuel that may be exported to mainland Europe through the pipeline to the Netherlands. However a number of power corporations oppose the transfer till the issue with extra hazardous supplies is resolved.
Interconnector Restricted, an organization majority owned by Fluxys which operates the fuel pipeline between Britain and Belgium, mentioned it was “very shocked” Nationwide Grid needed to extend flows additional, given provides delivered to Bacton this 12 months have “constantly” been contaminated by “solids and liquids” which have constrained its operations and prompted two shutdowns for repairs.
The solids embrace “hazardous”, “poisonous”, “radioactive” and “pyrophoric” supplies, mentioned Interconnector Restricted in written proof to an skilled panel that met final week to look at Nationwide Grid’s proposal.
Rising fuel volumes additional would imply the issue is “extremely prone to be exacerbated . . . resulting in elevated danger of disruption to cross-border flows risking each European and GB safety of provide”, added Interconnector Restricted.
EDF mentioned in its written proof that the issue has harmed the “effectivity and effectiveness of the interconnected GB-EU fuel market”.
Regardless of this, the skilled panel really useful Ofgem approve Nationwide Grid’s request.
Senior power trade executives instructed the Monetary Occasions it was regular for some undesirable solids, sometimes called “mud” within the sector, to be delivered alongside fuel however since April it had been arriving in “by no means earlier than seen portions”.
Nationwide Grid mentioned the “presence of mud” in Britain’s nationwide fuel transmission system was an “historic and identified concern and is one thing that we’re frequently monitoring”.
It mentioned “given [that] fuel flows to the continent are a lot increased than these noticed in a typical summer season as a result of vital function we’re taking part in in supporting the EU with fuel provides”, it was “not sudden” that Interconnector Restricted was having to hold out extra upkeep work similar to altering filters to seize hazardous supplies.
Nationwide Grid mentioned its proposal to extend most volumes through the UK-Netherlands pipeline would “not compromise security and safety on the system . . . or affect different clients”.